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All About Lake Baikal

Озеро Байкал. Фото Евгения КозыреваThe Baikal is located in the centre of Asia at between 51°29 ' to 55°46 ' north latitude and 103°43 ' to 109°58 ' eastern longitude. Lake length 636 km, maximum width 81 km, coastline length about 2,000 km. Area 31,500 km2. Baikal Square occupies the 7th of the world ' s lakes after Caspia, Victoria, Tanganyika, Gurona, Michigana and Upper. The most deep lake in the world is 1,637 m, its mean depth is 730 m.

By volume of water mass (23,000 km3), Baikal ranks 1st in the freshwater lakes of the world, comprising 20 per cent of the world ' s world ' s waters and 80 per cent of Russia ' s water reserves. Baikal's water is bigger than all the Great Lakes.

Lake Baikal. Photo Evgeny Kozyrev

Assuming that the flow of water from the tributaries stopped in the lake, the river equal to Angara would be leaked from Baikal in 383 years, and the filling of Baikal in all the rivers of the world would take more than six months (about 200 days). The lake level following the settlement of its Irkut Reservoir is maintained at 456 to 457 m above sea level. 336 rivers enter Baikal (on I. D. Cherski) and one Angara flows. The watershed area is 588,000 km2, with 53 per cent of it in Russia and 47 per cent in Mongolia.

Coast Baikal, near the mouth of the Shumikh River (102 km. Circubaical Railway). Foto.baikal.travel


There are 30 islands in Baikal (Brian, 1989), the largest of which is O. Olhon, with a length of 71, 7 km, a maximum width of 14 km, an area of 700 km2. Olhon is a land area that remains above water as a result of tectonic movements. The majority of the island is a mountain range with the north-west slopes and steep, elusive south-east, with the highest altitude of 1,274 metres, in the area of Ichima (Gora Zima).

Берег Байкала недалеко от устья реки Шумиха (102 км. Кругобайкальской железной дороги). Фото с сайта foto.baikal.travelIn the north-eastern part of the lake, the island ' s Archipelago, consisting of four islands, is located near the peninsula of Saint Nos. The largest of them is Grand Uskaya, with a 9 km2 area and a highest 671 m. It rises above the lake by 216 metres. Three small islands have small sizes and altitudes. According to V. Lomakin (1965), the Island ' s Uskaya has relatively recently risen above the Baikal level, as exemplified by the surgery niche, which remained at a height of 200 metres and a series of lake terrace.

St. Nos is the only halfway in Baikal. It is 53 km long, 20 km wide, 596 km2. The peninsula is a continuation of the Bargusin Ridge and rises 1,000 metres above the Baikal level. West slopes are rocky, under-developed, and places are swelling into water. Oriental - vice versa, highly dismembered, beaten by numerous boots and mouses.


There are six major floods in Lake Baikal. The largest is the Barguzinsky (725 km2), followed by the departing order of Chivarkuy (270 km2), the Proval (197 km2), the Embassy (35 km2), the Church (20 km2), Muhor (16 km2).

BukhtaLike the Gulf, it's a landing area of the lake, but it's more open. There are about two dozen Bukhts in Baikal (Listwennich, Golost, Peschenya, Aya et al.).

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