History Of Developments In Tourism
(Turism: Law and Economy, 2012, N2)
Text of the document
ON THE PERSPECTIVE DEVELOPMENT OF THE COMPLIANCE
THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION
Ah. A. SIRCHENCO
Sirchenko A. A., Chief of the Department of Internal Tourism Development and Public Tourism Projects of the Federal Tourism Agency.
With the launch of the Federal Target Programme on the Development of Internal and Entry Tourism in the Russian Federation (2011-2018), tourism in Russia is entering a new phase of its development.
Statistics for 2011 show that the internal flow in Russia was 33 million, 3 million. According to the expert assessment, in 2012 the internal flow rate would increase by 4 per cent, to some 34.6 million.
The dynamics of the entrance tour flow (depending on business tourism) are estimated to be 10 per cent higher in 2011 than in 2010. However, the number of travels by foreign tourists to our country for tourism is still low and is only 2,3 million in 2011.
The outflow of Russian citizens for tourism in 2011 increased by 11 per cent from 2010 to 14 million. According to Rossta, as of 1 June, the number of Russian citizens leaving abroad increased by 12 per cent in the first quarter of 2012, compared with the same period in 2011.
Tourism ' s share of GDP in 2011 is at least 2.5%.
Today, the following trends in domestic and entry tourism in the Russian Federation can be noted:
- Active development of interregional cooperation in tourism;
- The development of the most promising tourism species;
Strengthening the role of tourism at the federal and regional levels;
- Intensification of the promotion of national tourism products in world and domestic tourism markets.
An analysis of the structure of the internal Russian turpot shows clearly that the most popular among our citizens is beach rest (38 per cent). 20 per cent of tourists are selected for culturally recognized travel.
The share of recent tourism in the internal Russian turpot is only 1 per cent.
International experts estimate that, over the past 10 years, tourism has been one of the most developing tourism industries, with world turnover increasing from tens to hundreds of billions of dollars. However, Russia ' s share is only 2 per cent in this form of tourism.